Conveniently situated about 78 kilometers (48 mi) southwest of Athens, the Municipality of Corinth is on the Peloponnese Peninsula. Corinth is very easy to get to and from, just ninety minutes from Athens International Airport (E. Venizelos). It lies on the Athens-Patras highway and it is served by frequent buses and trains in both directions. The municipality comprises several coastal and inland townlets and the archaeological site and village of Ancient Corinth.
The city of Corinth was founded 4,000 years ago. Owing to its strategic position adjoining the Isthmus of Corinth, it was always the “apple of accord” for several empires and a major commercial center in antiquity known as “Afneios Corinth” (Wealthy Corinth). The Corinthians began first of any men to build warships with three orders of oars, the triremes, which played a vital role in the Persian Wars; it was in Corinth where Callimachus (5th century BC) created the Corinthian capital, the third and most elegant of the Greek architectural orders.
The archaeological sites are real treasures for archaeology fans, and not only: antiquity’s major artificial port at Lechaio with the largest early Christian basilica; the ancient port of Kechries with the impressive underwater construction; Ancient Corinth with seven levels of archaeological research; the archaic and undoubtedly imposing Temple of Apollo; the Peirene Fountain; the Odeon; the Agora and the Tribune of Saint Paul; the Fountain of Lerna and the Asklepieion; Diolkos, the unique paved way of 600 B.C. which made possible the transportation of entire fleets overland across the Isthmus of Corinth (sacred residence of god Poseidon); the Isthmus of Corinth, the narrow land bridge which connects the Peloponnese peninsula with the rest of the mainland of Greece, a monument of industrial archaeology; Acrocorinth, the largest castle in Peloponnese and one of Europe’s best preserved; the castles of Stefanio and Agionorio; the tens of Byzantine and post-Byzantine churches and monasteries.
Today, the city of Corinth is a modern commercial and urban center with excellent tourist infrastructure. It has all the facilities for an enjoyable stay, including numerous quaint outdoor cafes, bars and restaurants, a number of beaches, and plenty of services, such as travel agencies, banks, shops, and excellent transport connections, linking it with Athens, and the surrounding villages.
The municipality’s coastline on the Corinthian and Saronic gulfs stretches over 80 kilometers forming splendid coves and crystal-clear lacy beaches which combine with pine forests and verdant mountains, hills and valleys for an idyllic scenery.
The hospitality of the people and the numerous touristic and archaeological sites complete the beautiful image of the quaint villages with the cobblestone alleys, stone houses and the traditional taverns that serve local, and not only, delicacies.
Many religious and cultural festivals distinguished by general rejoicing and feasting take place especially during the summer months, with plenty of traditional music, food and dancing. The Pan-Hellenic Festival of Amateur Theater Groups attracts thousands of visitors in August each year.
Indeed, Corinth is the jewel of the Peloponnese and the Corinthian Gulf.